Work history by Theme: Humanitarian Informatics
Colombia Flood Response
Start: Nov, 2010
Colombia has suffered its worst rainy season in decades this year, some regions receiving 4 times more rain than the norm, and with no sign of letting up. Several months of continuous heavy rains have caused widespread flooding especially in the northern departments. The floods have touched 665 (60%) of the country’s 1102 municipalities and have affected upwards of 1.9 million people (as of 15th December 2010). 246 deaths, 246 injuries and 99 missing persons have been reported so far. In addition to floods, the rains have caused widespread landslides and mudslides further damaging the country’s infrastructure and hampering the already difficult rescue and relief effort.
On 7th December 2010, President Juan Manuel Santos declared a state of economic, social and ecological emergency. A Crisis Room had already been set up in the Ministry of the Interior to consolidate information on the emergency and to coordinate the response. iMMAP Colombia started contributing early on to the management and mapping of this information and was recently singled out as a strategic contributor to the relief effort during the National Meeting of the National Humanitarian Plenary.
Some of the maps produced by the team are available for download here. Should you require specific maps or further information on our activities please contact Ana Maria Arango.
The Colombian President expresses a heartfelt gratitude for the iMMAP solidarity expressed
with the Colombian people affected by the phenomenon of "The Child".
Letter from the President of Colombia.
Common Operating Picture for Disaster Response
Start: Sep, 2010
The 2010 Pakistan floods began in July 2010 following heavy monsoon rains in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan provinces of Pakistan and affected the Indus River basin. At one point, approximately one-fifth of Pakistan's total land area was underwater.
The floods affected 78 districts out of a total of 121 districts as well as the FATA and AJK administrative units in Pakistan, and more than 18 million people – one-tenth of Pakistan’s population – devastating villages from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea. More than 1,989 people lost their lives, and at least 1.7 million homes have been damaged or destroyed with enormous loss of livelihood. The number of individuals affected by the flooding exceeds the combined total of individuals affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
iMMAP aims to provide all humanitarian responders with effective methods for reliably capturing, reporting, sharing, and analyzing information concerning the humanitarian situation according to baseline indicators and population needs. This crucial Humanitarian Information Management (HIM) support is provided via an integrated approach through the Pakistan National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
During the ongoing crisis in Pakistan, iMMAP:
- Established office at National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of Pakistan located at Prime Minister’s Secretariat.
- Developed the Information Management Strategy and is developing the accompanying Information Management Framework for the Disaster Management Authority.
- Deployed international and national staff to the Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) in Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta.
- Is providing mapping, reporting and information analysis support to the NDMA and PDMAs.
- Co-developed the Single Reporting Format (SRF) for the NDMA and broader humanitarian community that serves as a common web platform for all Implementing Partners (IPs) to report on their humanitarian activities and enables better coordination of humanitarian assistance in Pakistan.
- Provides on-going trainings in SRF to personnel from the UN, NGOs, Government – Line Ministries, Military, PDMAs and DDMAs.
- Provides crucial support to Population Census Organization of Pakistan (PCO) to digitize the Union Council (Admin Level 4) boundaries.
Haiti Earthquake Response
Start: Jan, 2010
iMMAP was asked to assist the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) and the United Nations, and has responded. An iMMAP
team is now on the ground in Haiti helping coordinate the humanitarian
response to this devastating tragedy. As the immediate threat to our
Haitian neighbors subsides, iMMAP will seek to assist those injured,
disabled, and left vulnerable by the earthquake.
OASIS Support to Iraq
Start: Jun, 2007
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Iraq Mine Action Team
requested in spring 2007 that iMMAP deploy its Operational Activity
Security Information System (OASIS) to Amman, Jordan, and commence
development of an operational management OASIS function to enable wide
data sharing and operational coordination within the Humanitarian Mine
Action community in Iraq. iMMAP deployed its team of Information
Management Officers in June 2007, and have completed the initial phase
of this project, to include delivery of the completed initial tool to
UNDP. This phase of the project continued through October 2007 ending
with delivery of the OASIS Humanitarian Mine Action tool. The OASIS Mine
Action tool was designed to allow non-technical users to be able to
plan demining operations, receive reports on a nearly real-time basis
concerning newly discovered contamination and cleared land, and readily
access the extensive data resource produced by the iMMAP Landmine Impact
Survey of Iraq.
The Iraq OASIS support project is an ongoing operation and has
received additional funding from the Office of Weapons Removal and
Abatement and the International Emergencies and Refugee Health Branch.
Support to ESRI
Start: May, 2004
End: Jan, 2005
iMMAP provided technical support to Environmental Systems Research
Institute (ESRI), the world's premier developer of geographic
information systems (GIS), the software that allows the creation of map
products. Funded by the US government, ESRI and iMMAP assisted the
nascent Iraqi government in the nurturing of long-neglected cartographic
and GIS skills. To support this work, iMMAP called upon its own
extensive skills in the field of Humanitarian Information Management
(HIM), skills honed in United Nations Humanitarian Information Centers
(HIC's) in Afghanistan, Iraq and Liberia.
Technical Support to OCHA Liberia
Start: Oct, 2003
End: May, 2004
During the humanitarian crisis in Liberia, an interagency Internally
Displaced Persons(IDP) Committee determined in February 2004 that a
survey of the 20 official IDP camps in central Liberia (Bong, Margibi
and Montserrado Counties) should be undertaken. The goals of the IDP
survey was to facilitate the collection of data necessary for IDP return
and reintegration planning, as well as on-going camp management.
iMMAP provided technical support to the United Nations Office for the
Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) HIC in Liberia. This
support included provision of an IDP Survey Coordinator to the HIC in
Monrivia. From March to May 2004, the Survey Coordinator managed the
design and implementation of an Survey. iMMAP's survey manager worked
with the HIC and the IDP Committee to design the survey. This survey
collected basic descriptive data using a census approach in all IDP
camps in Liberia. The immediate collection effort produced critical
information needed to assess geographic areas of return, vocational
objectives, and social and economic vulnerabilities. The data was used
to determine the equitable and effective prioritization of funding and
programming to support reintegration and resettlement.
Following 14 years of civil war, most civil infrastructure had been
destroyed and more than 20% of Liberia's population was suspected as
being comprised of internally displaced persons (IDPs). While a
significant amount of data regarding the IDP population existed from a
variety of sources including the World Food Program (WFP), the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and humanitarian
non-governmental organization (NGO) camp managers, the information was
not consolidated, current, or accurate. With evolving stability in
Liberia, the gradual expansion of humanitarian agency field operations,
and the fact that spontaneous refugee returns were beginning, there was a
critical need to gather relevant information to better enable
responding organizations to assist vulnerable populations and
communities in the return and reintegration process.
Previously, with funding from the US Center for Disease Control and
Prevention's International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch (CDC's
IERHB), iMMAP supported OCHA's rapid deployment of the HIC with
provision of a short-term Database Officer in late 2003. The Database
Officer supported initial HIC data and GIS-based efforts. The work laid
foundations for interagency collaboration in logistics, transport and
Support to Iraq Humanitarian Information Center
Start: Jan, 2003
iMMAP deployed five technical experts during the pre-war and early
wartime phases of the Iraq crisis to support the Humanitarian
Information Center for Iraq (HIC) operated by the United Nations Office
for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). iMMAP personnel
worked in Amman, Jordan; Cairo, Egypt; Kuwait City, Kuwait; Larnaca,
Cyprus; and Iran and Turkey. After the cessation of hostilities, iMMAP
deployed three Information Management Officers (IMO's) within Iraq (in
Basrah, Baghdad, and Erbil) to continue this critical technical support
to OCHA. iMMAP support enabled the HIC to effectively process,
consolidate, and present significant humanitarian data and impact
Support to AIMS
Start: Feb, 2002
End: Dec, 2002
iMMAP provided emergency information management services to the United
Nations Afghanistan Information Management Service (AIMS). iMMAP
supplied the AIMS Technical Manager for one year, as well as a regional
Information Management Officer for Kabul and remote sensing (satellite
imagery) analysis training to AIMS staff. iMMAP's support was critical
to AIMS success in guiding relief and development activity in
Afghanistan during the immediate post-war period.
VAM Spatial Data Analysis and Institutional Strengthening
Country: Southeast Asia
Start: Jan, 2000
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) Vulnerability
Assessment Mapping (VAM) unit for the Southeast Asian region requested
iMMAP assistance in order to implement analysis of food security at the
country level at a standard level of quality throughout the region.
iMMAP is assisting WFP to introduce standards to the following components of the VAM analytical process:
- The format in which data is stored;
- The manner in which data quality is evaluated and recorded (metadata);
- The analytical methods used to select samples and to evaluate results;
- The layout of commonly needed VAM maps, tables, and graphs.
The following outputs will be delivered during the three year duration of the project:
- Enhanced analysis of food security and related issues at the country level at a standard level of quality;
- Improved analytical methods and standardization implemented;
- Common and coherent information management procedures and tools.
- Since the late 1990s attacks on humanitarian relief and development workers have grown in frequency....
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